Wolf Report

Legal references on this page apply to England.
Page updated April 1st 2014 to include link to new approved 16+ qualifications

From September 2013 home educated young people aged 14-16 in England are able to attend college part-time or full-time and the Government will pay for the course. There are 4 funding bands. It is up to the colleges whether or not to admit under-16s. These students can do any course agreed by the college, not just a designated 14-16 course, although many colleges still don't offer GCSE courses. The rules are different for home educated young people because the parent retains responsibility and so the college does not have to make special arrangements for pastoral care or offer a full curriculum. DfE says arrangements are between the parents and the college and do not need to involve the local authority at all."

DfE EFA Funding web page The deadline for submitting the ILR RO6 funding claim for home educated 14-16s academic year 2013-14 is February 6th 2014. Click here for more information.

DfE says "students can only be enrolled at one institution (the "home" institution), and that one institution takes on the responsibility for claiming all the relevant funding for the student. So, if a home-educated student wants to take courses at more than one college, then the college where the majority of learning is taking place has to take the responsibility to be the "home" institution and claim all the funding for the student, then pass across the relevant part to the other college(s) involved. There would have to be some agreement between the colleges ahead of the funding claim, for this to be able to happen."

In addition DfE says "for home-educated students, there are no age restrictions for funding purposes, it is for the college to decide whether they wished to take younger students onto their courses. If they agree to take a younger home-educated student onto their courses, then we will fund in the usual way."

Where a home educated 14/15 year old needs additional support, the college enters this information on the ILR in November and it will count towards the amount which the college receives in lagged funding next year. Where the student has low to moderate additional support needs the unique determining factor for funding eligibility will be the individual student's postcode (disadvantaged uplift postcode dataset). Where a home educated 14/145 year old has high additional support needs, the college will ask the LA for a top for the current academic year, record this on the ILR, and receive an additional £6K the following year.

DfE Published Guidance Funding Home Educated College 14-16s June 2013

77. Colleges sometimes admit children aged 14 or 15 who are being electively home educated, to take courses on an infill basis by arrangement with the local authority or with the parents. Where these courses are at level 3, they are funded by entering the student on the ILR and the student then counts for lagged funding in just the same way as if they were aged 16-18.
78. Up to now, students on courses below level 3 have been funded directly by the local authority, or sometimes the parents, paying a fee to the college. These arrangements are changing with effect from September 2013. Colleges will now be able to enter these students on the ILR and they will count towards the college’s student numbers for lagged funding in the following year. Local authorities and parents should no longer be expected to pay fees for this provision.
79. Colleges should make such local arrangements as they deem appropriate. There is no national prescribed model for provision to these students and they do not form a part of the arrangements for the full-time enrolment of 14 -16 year olds in Further Education and Sixth Form.
Annex C: Electively home educated 14-15 year olds, Departmental Advice 14-16 Enrolment June 2013 page 28 via this page

Successful result from the first Home Education APPG 2013
Annex C page 28 covers home educated 14-16s. Published June 2013 https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/enrolment-of-14-to-16-year-olds-in-full-time-further-education

My email to FE colleges September 2013 http://edyourself.org/collegeemailsep2013.pdf
My email to FE College June 27th 2013 http://edyourself.org/emailtocollegejune2013.pdf
EFA e-bulletin issue 39 November 2013 (issues with ILR)
Email from DfE to LA May 2013 http://edyourself.org/collegefundingemailsmay2013.pdf
Email to home educating parent April 2013 http://edyourself.org/parentcollegeemail.pdf
Letter to local authorities April 2013 http://edyourself.org/14-16collegeletter1.pdf
Letter to FE colleges April 2013 http://edyourself.org/14-16collegeletter2.pdf
My email to FE College June 27th 2013 http://edyourself.org/emailtocollegejune2013.pdf

Positive Developments 14-16s College

Exceptionally some colleges are offering GCSE courses but this is by no means standard. Colleges may require students starting A Level courses to have a minimum number of GCSEs (or IGCSEs as equivalent) before they are accepted onto the course.

City College Oxford Home Ed Open Day (download flier) April 22nd 2014

Peterborough Regional College 14-16 Open Evening April 1st 2014
Drop-In Session college course options 14 + and 16 + March 6th 10-12 Chorley Library. A variety of colleges from across the county will be attending to answer any queries and to provide relevant information. Also invited are Young People's Service, Child Employment and Entertainment and the North Lancs Training Group.
http://edyourself.org/images/worcsfoundlearnmarch2014.jpg Foundation Learning Event Worcester, March 12th 2014, open to home educated 14-16s
Banbury and Bicester College, Oxfordshire Home Ed Event February 27th 2014
Peterborough Regional College positive attitude towards home educated applicants (had meeting January 15th 2014) https://www.halesowen.ac.uk/?contentarea=homeEducated Halesowen College FREE GCSE courses for home educated 14-16s + a range of vocational courses from September 2013.
http://edyourself.org/newcastle14-16.pdf Newcastle College is one of only 7 colleges nationally to start offering specific courses for 14-16s from September 2013. Students can choose from a full-time, fully-funded programme for 14-16 year old students on either 2-year or 1-year intensive programmes. There is a compulsory core of GCSEs with further electives chosen from GCSEs and/or vocational courses. Home educated students can also join the full-time programme's courses on a part-time, fully-funded basis, selecting courses/qualifications that suit their needs.
All FE Colleges in Devon will take home educated 14-16s from September 2013. http://www.babcock-education.co.uk/ldp/v.asp?level2id=24363&level3=125924&rootid=2344&level2=24363&depth=3&folderid=125924 http://tinyurl.com/devon14-16s
Sheffield College and Sheffield College Online understand the position for 14-16s home educated: ask for Sheila Hudson 14-19 Manager. Sheffield Online also takes home educated under-16s for English and Maths GCSEs.

Positive reports of CSV Redditch, CSV Worcester, Worcester 6th Form, Moulton College, Newbury College, West Berkshire NEW, Doncaster College, Milton Keynes College, West Lancashire College, Wirral Metropolitan College, East Thanet College, South Staffordshire College, Strode College, Lewisham CollegeNew College Nottingham and Carshalton College taking home educated 14-16s.
Newcastle College Parents Brochure 14-16 says take home educated young people

http://edyourself.org/visionwestnottsflyerdec2013.pdf West Nottingham College home ed event December 2013
http://edyourself.org/telfordflier.pdf Telford College Arts and Technology
http://edyourself.org/newcollegenottsflier.pdf New College Nottingham

Summary Changes to Funding

http://media.education.gov.uk/assets/files/pdf/f/funding%20review%20june%2013%20v4.pdf Overview of 16+ funding end June 2013, 35 page pdf, via http://www.education.gov.uk/aboutdfe/executiveagencies/efa/a00210682/funding-formula-review All full time students will be funded at the same basic funding rate per student, per academic year regardless of which type of institution and what they study. This will fund a full study programme for all students. Initially part time students will be funded based on four bands depending on the number of teaching hours for which they enrol. In 2013/14, as a transitional measure, the Government will fund individual students who re-take qualifications. Subsequently re-takes will not generally be eligible for funding. See also "block two – support needs for progression" (page 24-5) additional funding to support all students without maths and English at grade C.

Colleges Supporting Transition Students with Autism

Autism: 4 colleges supporting transition 2013-15

Ambitious about Autism programme with nasen and the Association of Colleges running up to March 2015: Askham Bryan College, Bromley College, Ealing, Hammersmith and West London College and Gloucestershire College.

Supported Internships in FE Colleges for Young People with SEN

Click here to read about http://www.education.gov.uk/childrenandyoungpeople/send/changingsen/b00211325/sen-supported-internships Supported internships in FE colleges for young people with SEN.

Compulsory English and Maths

"In August 2014, the 16-19 study programme requirement that students should continue to study mathematics and English if they did not achieve a GCSE grade C in these subjects by the age of 16 will become a condition of funding"

EFA letter March 2014

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/thousands-of-students-drop-english-and-maths-after-gcse statistics published October 2013. See also guidelines for new 16+ Maths qualifications published by the Advisory Committee on Mathematics Education, October 2013, cited in this speech on the new maths qualifications, October 2013 by Minister Liz Truss.

Summary Wolf Report

The Wolf Report on Vocational Learning in England was published in March 2011. Alison Wolf said that the young person's programme of study should provide for labour market and educational progress and that the system needed to be simplified dramatically to encourage innovation and efficiency. With the publication of DfE's response to the consultation on 16-19 study programmes and plans for implementation on July 3rd 2012, most recommendations relating to post-16 study were incorporated into DfE's plans for 2013 onwards. The final point was direct admission to colleges for 14-16s confirmed on November 5th, with further details added by DfE on December 13th/14th 2012.

Schools Funding Reform

Funding page updated January 2014

Post-16 Reforms: Qualifications and Funding

  • End perverse incentives for colleges paid-by-result to offer lower-grade qualifications.
  • 16 to 18 year olds without GCSE English and maths must continue to study those subjects up to 19.
  • Extend funding to enable 19-24s to take GCSE maths and English
  • Aim to fund coherent programme of learning for 16-18s rather than funding individual qualifications

Government Response to 16-19 Accountability Consultation March 27th 2014

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/vocational-qualifications-for-14-to-19-year-olds updated April 1st 2014

January 2014 Core Maths 16+ courses should be designed to be taken over two years and are expected that to be around half the size of an A level.
ACME's response to the Ofqual consultation on new A level regulatory requirements Maths January-2014
Information on the advanced (level 3) qualifications that will count towards the TechBacc measure for teaching from September 2014 DfE December 16th 2013
New technical and vocational qualifications DfE/BIS announcement December 2013
List of approved Level 3 vocational qualifications (16-19 tech level + applied general) published by DfE/BIS December 2013
Accreditation Prior Learning, ASDAN 16+
http://www.education.gov.uk/inthenews/speeches/a00222547/ioe-open-lecture-on-a-level-reforms Institute of Education open lecture on A-Level reforms Elizabeth Truss, March 7th 2013
http://www.education.gov.uk/inthenews/inthenews/a00224304/techbacc-accounced DfE TechBacc announcement April 22nd 2013
DfE Announcement July 2012 on Raising Participation Age from 2013 Timetable for implementation Education Act 2011
DfE Announcement October 2011 New Rules for Vocational qualifications

Qualification Reforms Pre-16

https://www.gov.uk/government/news/new-engineering-qualifications-for-14-to-16-year-olds announced December 2013
  • Ofqual to look at reforming GCSE resits ie exams to be taken only at end of course
  • Greater focus on spelling, punctuation and grammar for GCSEs
  • Govnt to develop new performance indicators for 16+ English and maths progression
  • Apprenticeship programmes must offer GCSE maths and English to those without qualifications
  • Continued promotion of University Technical Colleges + renewed emphasis on Studio Schools

http://dmtrk.net/BTP-1QPTF-60290CWAAD/cr.aspx Ofqual newsletter July 2013, changes to GCSEs and A Levels
DfE December 14th 2011: End for GCSE modules and spelling, punctuation and grammar marks restored to exams
DfE Announces Approval 12 More Studio Schools for 2012
DfE Announces Approval 14 University Technical Colleges

Wider 14-16 Reforms Including Funding

New funding system for college 14-16 from September 2013

  • Govnt to encourage colleges to take more 14-16s
  • Re-evaluate Foundation Learning to see what best helps under 16s to progress to GCSEs in maths and English
  • Development of new Maths and English qualifications to enable progression to GCSEs
  • Govnt wants vocational qualifications to have element of external assessment plus exam
  • Govnt to identify best 14-16 vocational qualifications and recognise them in performance tables
  • Changes to schools/college funding

Link Reference

This article is http://edyourself.org/articles/WolfReport.php. The following links to other websites are contained in the article, displayed as citations to aid you in printing the document.

  1. http://edyourself.org/articles/14-16collegeFAQ.php http://edyourself.org/articles/14-16collegeFAQ.php
  2. here http://www.education.gov.uk/aboutdfe/executiveagencies/efa/fundingallocations/a00210682/funding-form
  3. high additional support needs http://media.education.gov.uk/assets/files/pdf/e/efa%20funding%20regulations%202012-13%20v1.pdf
  4. the first Home Education APPG 2013 http://edyourself.org/articles/allpartygrouphomeeducation.php
  5. http://www.education.gov.uk/childrenandyoungpeople/youngpeople/qandlearning/a00218341/wolf-review-recommendation-19 http://www.education.gov.uk/childrenandyoungpeople/youngpeople/qandlearning/a00218341/wolf-review-re
  6. http://edyourself.org/collegeemailsep2013.pdf http://edyourself.org/collegeemailsep2013.pdf
  7. http://edyourself.org/emailtocollegejune2013.pdf http://edyourself.org/emailtocollegejune2013.pdf
  8. EFA e-bulletin issue 39 November 2013 http://education.gov.uk/aboutdfe/departmentalinformation/transparency/h00229303/issue-39
  9. http://edyourself.org/collegefundingemailsmay2013.pdf http://edyourself.org/collegefundingemailsmay2013.pdf
  10. http://edyourself.org/parentcollegeemail.pdf http://edyourself.org/parentcollegeemail.pdf
  11. http://edyourself.org/14-16collegeletter1.pdf http://edyourself.org/14-16collegeletter1.pdf
  12. http://edyourself.org/14-16collegeletter2.pdf http://edyourself.org/14-16collegeletter2.pdf
  13. http://edyourself.org/emailtocollegejune2013.pdf http://edyourself.org/emailtocollegejune2013.pdf
  14. City College Oxford Home Ed Open Day http://edyourself.org/citcolloxflier.pdf
  15. Peterborough Regional College 14-16 Open Evening http://edyourself.org/prcflier2014.pdf
  16. March 6th 10-12 Chorley Library. A variety of colleges from across the county will be attending to answer any queries and to provide relevant information. Also invited are Young People's Service, Child Employment and Entertainment and the North Lancs Training Group. http://www.lancashire.gov.uk/corporate/web/viewdoc.asp?id=109909
  17. http://edyourself.org/images/worcsfoundlearnmarch2014.jpg http://edyourself.org/images/worcsfoundlearnmarch2014.jpg
  18. Banbury and Bicester College, Oxfordshire Home Ed Event http://www.oxfordshire.gov.uk/cms/news/2013/dec/elective-home-educated-event
  19. https://www.halesowen.ac.uk/?contentarea=homeEducated http://edyourself.org/halesowenflier.pdf
  20. http://edyourself.org/newcastle14-16.pdf http://edyourself.org/newcastle14-16.pdf
  21. http://tinyurl.com/devon14-16s http://www.babcock-education.co.uk/ldp/v.asp?level2id=24363&level3=125924&rootid=2344&le
  22. Sheffield College Online http://edyourself.org/articles/onlinegcses.php
  23. New College Nottingham http://edyourself.org/worcsFE2013-14.pdf
  24. Newcastle College Parents Brochure 14-16 says take home educated young people http://www.ncl-coll.ac.uk/school-leavers/14-16
  25. http://edyourself.org/visionwestnottsflyerdec2013.pdf http://edyourself.org/visionwestnottsflyerdec2013pdf
  26. http://edyourself.org/telfordflier.pdf http://edyourself.org/telfordflier.pdf
  27. http://edyourself.org/newcollegenottsflier.pdf http://edyourself.org/newcollegenottsflier.pdf
  28. http://www.education.gov.uk/aboutdfe/executiveagencies/efa/a00210682/funding-formula-review http://media.education.gov.uk/assets/files/pdf/f/funding%20review%20june%2013%20v4.pdf
  29. Autism: 4 colleges supporting transition http://www.ambitiousaboutautism.org.uk/page/what_we_do/campaigning_change/fasprogramme/about.cfm
  30. http://www.education.gov.uk/childrenandyoungpeople/send/changingsen/b00211325/sen-supported-internships http://www.education.gov.uk/childrenandyoungpeople/send/changingsen/b00211325/sen-supported-internsh
  31. this speech http://www.acme-uk.org/media/13699/final%2007october2013,%20expert%20panel%20on%20core%20mathematics
  32. response to the consultation on 16-19 study programmes and plans for implementation http://www.education.gov.uk/publications/standard/publicationDetail/Page1/DFE-00031-2011
  33. Funding page updated January 2014 http://edyourself.org/articles/funding.php
  34. ACME's response to the Ofqual consultation on new A level regulatory requirements Maths January-2014 http://www.acme-uk.org/news/news-items-repository/2014/1/acme's-response-to-the-ofqual-consultation-
  35. Accreditation Prior Learning, ASDAN 16+ http://www.fenews.co.uk/fe-news/getting-the-balance-right-within-16-19-study-programmes
  36. http://www.education.gov.uk/inthenews/speeches/a00222547/ioe-open-lecture-on-a-level-reforms http://www.education.gov.uk/inthenews/speeches/a00222547/ioe-open-lecture-on-a-level-reforms
  37. http://edyourself.org/ofstedlearningskillsinspectors.pdf http://edyourself.org/ofstedlearningskillsinspectors.pdf
  38. http://www.education.gov.uk/inthenews/inthenews/a00224304/techbacc-accounced http://www.education.gov.uk/inthenews/inthenews/a00224304/techbacc-accounced
  39. http://www.fenews.co.uk/fe-news/fe-sector-responds-to-techbacc-plans http://www.fenews.co.uk/fe-news/fe-sector-responds-to-techbacc-plans
  40. Timetable for implementation Education Act 2011 http://edyourself.org/articles/leavingage.php
  41. DfE Announcement October 2011 New Rules for Vocational qualifications http://www.education.gov.uk/inthenews/inthenews/a00199719/all-vocational-qualifications-to-be-judged
  42. Graham Stuart article on revised GCSE accountability measures, Guardian October 15th 2013 http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/oct/15/transforming-gcse-rankings-pupils-teachers
  43. Studio Schools http://www.utcolleges.org/faqs
  44. http://dmtrk.net/BTP-1QPTF-60290CWAAD/cr.aspx http://dmtrk.net/BTP-1QPTF-60290CWAAD/cr.aspx
  45. DfE December 14th 2011: End for GCSE modules and spelling, punctuation and grammar marks restored to exams http://www.education.gov.uk/inthenews/inthenews/a00200883/end-for-gcse-modules-and-spelling-punctuat
  46. DfE Announces Approval 12 More Studio Schools for 2012 http://www.education.gov.uk/inthenews/inthenews/a00200863/new-studio-schools-to-bridge-gap-between-s