Wolf Report

Legal references on this page apply to England.
Page updated September 3rd 2014 Archived page as pdf

14-16s College Funding

College places for home educated 14-16s in England are free. Home educated young people aged 14-16 in England are able to attend college part-time or full-time and the Government (Education Funding Agency) will pay for the course. There are 4 funding bands. It is up to the colleges whether or not to admit under-16s. These students can do any course agreed by the college, not just a designated 14-16 course, although many colleges still don't offer GCSE courses. The rules are different for home educated young people because the parent retains responsibility and so the college does not have to make special arrangements for pastoral care or offer a full curriculum. DfE says arrangements are between the parents and the college and do not need to involve the local authority at all."

http://edyourself.org/articles/14-16collegeFAQ.php Scroll down for examples of colleges taking 14-16s home educated young people (compiled from recommendations or colleges/home educators contacting me)

College Funding Deadline

GOV.UK information about funding The deadline for submitting the ILR RO6 funding claim for home educated 14-16s academic year 2014-15 was February 2015. Click here for more information.

DfE Published Guidance Funding Home Educated College 14-16s

The Advice (web page) is now published separately from the Annexes (pdf). Both are linked from this page Home educated young people are treated in the same way as "jumpers" who go to college early for academic reasons

"Two new learning delivery monitoring codes were introduced for use on the ILR for the 2013 to 2014 academic year:
a) LDM code 320 (14 to 16 EFA direct funded students)
b) LDM code 321 (14 to 16 home-educated students)
Only students recorded as 320 count towards 14 to 16 funding. Code 320 should only be used to identify those students who are directly recruited. It should not be used to identify any other of 14- to 16-year-old for example:
a) home-educated students
b) students who have already achieved a level 2 qualification and are choosing to enrol on a full level 3 course
c) students enrolled in a school but studying part time in college"
14-16 FE Advice linked from this page

Annex C: Electively home educated 14 to 15 year-olds
Colleges sometimes admit children aged 14 or 15 who are being electively home educated, to take courses on an infill basis by arrangement with the local authority or with the parents. Where these courses are at level 3, they are funded by entering the student on the ILR and the student then counts for lagged funding in just the same way as if they were aged 16- to 18-years-old.
Prior to September 2013, students on courses below level 3 were funded either directly by the local authority, or sometimes by the parents, paying a fee to the college. These arrangements changed with effect from September 2013. Colleges now enter these students on the ILR and they count towards the college’s student numbers for lagged funding in the following year. Local authorities and parents should no longer be expected to pay fees for this provision.
Colleges make such local arrangements as they deem appropriate. There is no national prescribed model for provision to these students and they do not form a part of the arrangements for the full time enrolment of 14 -16 year-olds in Further Education and Sixth Form. Further information is provided on the elective home education section on GOV.UK.
Annex C pdf linked from this page

Compulsory English and Maths 16+

Nick Boles Letter IGCSEs

The new 16+ funding arrangements mean that from August 2014, students must study mathematics and English if they haven't achieve a GCSE grade C or equivalent in these subjects by the age of 16 will become a condition of funding.

This could potentially have caused a problem for home educated students who are generally not able to take GCSE English because of the issue of controlled assessments and there was some confusion over whether 'unregulated' IGCSEs (ie not 'Certificate IGCSEs') counted as equivalent.

We are pleased to report that the Department for Education has now recognised that the IGCSEs taken by home educators will count as equivalent "for the foreseeable future." Please see the letter from the Minister for Skills and Equalities which can also be seen as a larger jpg here or downloaded as a pdf here

The letter says "Thank you for your letter ... about the treatment of students holding unregulated IGCSEs in English and mathematics, and the implementation of the Education and Funding Agency Condition of Funding. I am pleased to confirm that for the foreseeable future, English and mathematics IGCSEs will count as equivalent to GCSEs for the purposes of recognising prior attainment in the 16 to 19 English and mathematics Condition of Funding. This means that students who hold IGCSEs in English and mathematics at grades A* -C will not have to continue their study of these subjects when they enter Further Education at the age of 16. Department for Education officials will update their published guidance to reflect this position. Nick Boles, Minister for Skills and Equalities, November 2014

The DfE web page was updated in February 2015 to include "unregulated IGCSEs" Link

IGCSEs 2018

In September 2014 the Department for Education said that IGCSE English will count as equivalent until 2018. Please see the letter from the Secretary of State Nicky Morgan which can be viewed as jpg here or downloaded as a pdf here

4 Funding Bands

Overview of 16+ funding All full time students will be funded at the same basic funding rate per student, per academic year regardless of which type of institution and what they study. This will fund a full study programme for all students. Initially part time students will be funded based on four bands depending on the number of teaching hours for which they enrol.

Positive Developments 14-16s College

GCSE courses Central College Nottingham 2015

Easton and Otley College, Norfolk Home Education Open Afternoon Saturday January 9th 2016 Easton Flier + Easton Map (home ed courses at Otley in Suffolk as well)

Exceptionally some colleges are offering GCSE courses but this is by no means standard. Colleges may require students starting A Level courses to have a minimum number of GCSEs (or IGCSEs as equivalent) before they are accepted onto the course.

Newcastle College offered specific courses for 14-16s from September 2013. Students can choose from a full-time, fully-funded programme for 14-16 year old students on either 2-year or 1-year intensive programmes. There is a compulsory core of GCSEs with further electives chosen from GCSEs and/or vocational courses. Home educated students can also join the full-time programme's courses on a part-time, fully-funded basis, selecting courses/qualifications that suit their needs. Newcastle College Brochure

Colleges Taking 14-16 Home Ed

Central College, Nottingham
Telford College Arts and Technology
Halesowen College
New College Swindon
Peterborough Regional College
West Suffolk College for vocational courses 14-16 + free GCSEs in English, Maths and Biology. Ask for Angela Whatley, Assistant Principal for Learning Partnerships
South Devon College level 2 functional skills/GCSEs English and Maths 14-16 home ed + possibility of other GCSEs subject to entrance requirements. Ask for Jamie Cree
CSV Redditch, CSV Worcester, Worcester 6th Form
Moulton College
Newbury College
West Berkshire College
Doncaster College
Milton Keynes College
West Lancashire College
Wirral Metropolitan College
East Thanet College
South Staffordshire College
Strode College
Lewisham College
New College Nottingham
Carshalton College
Lambeth College, ask for Leanne Allen or Sharon Carnegie
East Kent College 14-16 EHE provision (Broadstairs campus only at present)
Myerscough College
Abingdon Witney College
Rotherham College
Vision Studio School Mansfield
South Gloucestershire College
City College Oxford
Banbury and Bicester College

'Fast Track' GCSE 1 Year College Course

Exeter College Cornwall College North Hertfordshire College

Additional Support

Where a home educated 14/15 year old needs additional support, the college enters this information on the ILR in November and it will count towards the amount which the college receives in lagged funding next year. Where the student has low to moderate additional support needs the unique determining factor for funding eligibility will be the individual student's postcode (disadvantaged uplift postcode dataset). Where a home educated 14/145 year old has high additional support needs, the college will ask the LA for a top for the current academic year, record this on the ILR, and receive an additional £6K the following year. See also 16-25 High Needs Funding

EFA Bulletin May 2014 including 16 to 19 Bursary Fund + colleges directly enrolling 14- to 16-year-olds for the first time.

16-25 High Needs Funding published by the EFA, May 2014: "The majority of young people with high needs attending a school, college or specialist post-16 institution will subject to either a statement of SEN, an LDA or, from September 2014, an EHC plan. Local authorities must use the evidence from the statement, LDA or EHC plan to make consistent, effective and robust assessments of the support the young person will need to move towards a positive outcome."

Short Guide High Needs 16+ Funding from the Association of Employment and Learning Providers.


EBacc compulsory GCSE subjects in schools, DfE press notice June 16th 2015: 'pupils starting secondary school this September must study the key English Baccalaureate (EBacc) subjects of English, maths, science, history or geography, and a language at GCSE' ALTHOUGH 'The government recognises the EBacc will not be appropriate for a small minority of pupils and so we will work to understand this and be clear with schools what we expect for this minority of pupils. The detail will be set out in the autumn and there will be a full public consultation on these proposals.'

Summary Wolf Report

The Wolf Report on Vocational Learning in England was published in March 2011.

  • End perverse incentives for colleges paid-by-result to offer lower-grade qualifications.
  • 16 to 18 year olds without GCSE English and maths must continue to study those subjects up to 19.
  • Extend funding to enable 19-24s to take GCSE maths and English
  • Aim to fund coherent programme of learning for 16-18s rather than funding individual qualifications
  • Ofqual to look at reforming GCSE resits ie exams to be taken only at end of course
  • Greater focus on spelling, punctuation and grammar for GCSEs
  • Govnt to develop new performance indicators for 16+ English and maths progression
  • Apprenticeship programmes must offer GCSE maths and English to those without qualifications
  • Continued promotion of University Technical Colleges + renewed emphasis on Studio Schools
  • New funding system for college 14-16 from September 2013
  • Govnt to encourage colleges to take more 14-16s
  • Re-evaluate Foundation Learning to see what best helps under 16s to progress to GCSEs in maths and English
  • Development of new Maths and English qualifications to enable progression to GCSEs
  • Govnt wants vocational qualifications to have element of external assessment plus exam
  • Govnt to identify best 14-16 vocational qualifications and recognise them in performance tables
  • Changes to schools/college funding

Useful Links

Ofqual GCSE and A level Reform December 2014

Delays to Maths AS and A Level Change New Maths AS and A level changes put back, 1st teaching now September 2017
Ofqual consultations ALL ON ONE PAGE GOV.UK
Timeline of changes to GCSEs, AS and A Levels GOV.UK November 2014
Wolf Review
Funding Guidance 14-16, July 2014
English and Maths statistics 2013
guidelines for new 16+ Maths qualifications
Liz Truss Maths qualifications speech 2013
My email to FE colleges September 2013 http://edyourself.org/collegeemailsep2013.pdf
My email to FE College June 27th 2013 http://edyourself.org/emailtocollegejune2013.pdf
EFA e-bulletin issue 39 November 2013 (issues with ILR)
Email from DfE to LA May 2013 http://edyourself.org/collegefundingemailsmay2013.pdf
Email to home educating parent April 2013 http://edyourself.org/parentcollegeemail.pdf
Letter to local authorities April 2013 http://edyourself.org/14-16collegeletter1.pdf
Letter to FE colleges April 2013 http://edyourself.org/14-16collegeletter2.pdf
Government Response to 16-19 Accountability Consultation March 27th 2014
https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/vocational-qualifications-for-14-to-19-year-olds updated April 1st 2014
January 2014 Core Maths 16+ courses should be designed to be taken over two years and are expected that to be around half the size of an A level.
ACME's response to the Ofqual consultation on new A level regulatory requirements Maths January-2014
Information on the advanced (level 3) qualifications that will count towards the TechBacc measure for teaching from September 2014 DfE December 16th 2013
New technical and vocational qualifications DfE/BIS announcement December 2013
List of approved Level 3 vocational qualifications (16-19 tech level + applied general) published by DfE/BIS December 2013
Accreditation Prior Learning, ASDAN 16+
http://www.education.gov.uk/inthenews/speeches/a00222547/ioe-open-lecture-on-a-level-reforms Institute of Education open lecture on A-Level reforms Elizabeth Truss, March 7th 2013
http://www.education.gov.uk/inthenews/inthenews/a00224304/techbacc-accounced DfE TechBacc announcement April 22nd 2013
DfE Announcement July 2012 on Raising Participation Age from 2013 Timetable for implementation Education Act 2011
DfE Announcement October 2011 New Rules for Vocational qualifications
New engineering qualifications 14-to-16s
Changes to league tables for GCSEs October 2013
Graham Stuart revised GCSE accountability measures October 2013
Ofqual July 2013, changes to GCSEs and A Levels
2011 end GCSE modules, spelling, punctuation grammar marks exams
Autism: 4 colleges supporting transition
Supported internships FE colleges SEN

Link Reference

This article is http://edyourself.org/articles/WolfReport.php. The following links to other websites are contained in the article, displayed as citations to aid you in printing the document.

  1. Archived page as pdf http://edyourself.org/wolfarchive.pdf
  2. http://edyourself.org/articles/14-16collegeFAQ.php http://edyourself.org/articles/14-16collegeFAQ.php
  3. the issue of controlled assessments http://edyourself.org/articles/exams.php#controlledassessment
  4. Easton Map http://edyourself.org/eastonflier.pdf
  5. Newcastle College Brochure http://www.ncl-coll.ac.uk/school-leavers/14-16
  6. West Suffolk College http://www.westsuffolkcollege.ac.uk/
  7. South Devon College http://www.southdevon.ac.uk/welcome-to-parents/elective-home-educated-scheme
  8. CSV Redditch, CSV Worcester, Worcester 6th Form http://edyourself.org/worcsFE2013-14.pdf
  9. Wirral Metropolitan College http://wmc.ac.uk/about/courses-for-14-16-year-olds/
  10. South Staffordshire College http://www.southstaffs.ac.uk/students/14-16/
  11. Strode College http://www.strode-college.ac.uk/1416_applicants/7
  12. Myerscough College http://www.myerscough.ac.uk/downloads/pdfs/Prospectuses/1416/Home%20Educated%20Students%202015.pdf
  13. North Hertfordshire College http://www.cornwall.ac.uk/courses/gcse-fast-track-programme
  14. 16-25 High Needs Funding http://media.education.gov.uk/assets/files/pdf/e/efa%20funding%20regulations%202012-13%20v1.pdf
  15. Short Guide High Needs 16+ Funding http://www.aelp.org.uk/news/submissions/details/aelp-briefing-paper-no24-guide-to-post-16-funding/
  16. The Wolf Report on Vocational Learning http://www.education.gov.uk/publications/standard/publicationDetail/Page1/DFE-00031-2011
  17. Wolf Review http://www.education.gov.uk/childrenandyoungpeople/youngpeople/qandlearning/a00218341/wolf-review-re
  18. guidelines for new 16+ Maths qualifications http://www.acme-uk.org/media/13699/final%2007october2013,%20expert%20panel%20on%20core%20mathematics
  19. http://edyourself.org/collegeemailsep2013.pdf http://edyourself.org/collegeemailsep2013.pdf
  20. http://edyourself.org/emailtocollegejune2013.pdf http://edyourself.org/emailtocollegejune2013.pdf
  21. EFA e-bulletin issue 39 November 2013 http://education.gov.uk/aboutdfe/departmentalinformation/transparency/h00229303/issue-39
  22. http://edyourself.org/collegefundingemailsmay2013.pdf http://edyourself.org/collegefundingemailsmay2013.pdf
  23. http://edyourself.org/parentcollegeemail.pdf http://edyourself.org/parentcollegeemail.pdf
  24. http://edyourself.org/14-16collegeletter1.pdf http://edyourself.org/14-16collegeletter1.pdf
  25. http://edyourself.org/14-16collegeletter2.pdf http://edyourself.org/14-16collegeletter2.pdf
  26. ACME's response to the Ofqual consultation on new A level regulatory requirements Maths January-2014 http://www.acme-uk.org/news/news-items-repository/2014/1/acme's-response-to-the-ofqual-consultation-
  27. Accreditation Prior Learning, ASDAN 16+ http://www.fenews.co.uk/fe-news/getting-the-balance-right-within-16-19-study-programmes
  28. http://www.education.gov.uk/inthenews/speeches/a00222547/ioe-open-lecture-on-a-level-reforms http://www.education.gov.uk/inthenews/speeches/a00222547/ioe-open-lecture-on-a-level-reforms
  29. http://edyourself.org/ofstedlearningskillsinspectors.pdf http://edyourself.org/ofstedlearningskillsinspectors.pdf
  30. http://www.education.gov.uk/inthenews/inthenews/a00224304/techbacc-accounced http://www.education.gov.uk/inthenews/inthenews/a00224304/techbacc-accounced
  31. http://www.fenews.co.uk/fe-news/fe-sector-responds-to-techbacc-plans http://www.fenews.co.uk/fe-news/fe-sector-responds-to-techbacc-plans
  32. Timetable for implementation Education Act 2011 http://edyourself.org/articles/leavingage.php
  33. DfE Announcement October 2011 New Rules for Vocational qualifications http://www.education.gov.uk/inthenews/inthenews/a00199719/all-vocational-qualifications-to-be-judged
  34. Graham Stuart revised GCSE accountability measures October 2013 http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/oct/15/transforming-gcse-rankings-pupils-teachers
  35. Ofqual July 2013, changes to GCSEs and A Levels http://dmtrk.net/BTP-1QPTF-60290CWAAD/cr.aspx
  36. 2011 end GCSE modules, spelling, punctuation grammar marks exams http://www.education.gov.uk/inthenews/inthenews/a00200883/end-for-gcse-modules-and-spelling-punctuat
  37. Autism: 4 colleges supporting transition http://www.ambitiousaboutautism.org.uk/page/what_we_do/campaigning_change/fasprogramme/about.cfm
  38. Supported internships FE colleges SEN http://www.education.gov.uk/childrenandyoungpeople/send/changingsen/b00211325/sen-supported-internsh