Table of Contents
- Latest on 14-16s College Funding
- 14-16s College Positive Developments
- Summary Changes to Funding
- Supported Internships in FE Colleges for Young People with SEN
- Compulsory English and Maths
- Summary Wolf Report
- Schools Funding Reform
- Post-16 Reforms: Qualifications and Funding
- Pre-16 Qualification Reform
- Wider 14-16 Reform Including Funding
From September 2013 home educated young people aged 14-16 in England will be able to attend college part-time or full-time and the Government will pay for the course. There will be 4 funding bands. It is up to the colleges whether or not to admit under-16s. These students can do any course agreed by the college, not just a designated 14-16 course, although many colleges still don't offer GCSE courses. The rules are different for home educated young people because the parent retains responsibility and so the college does not have to make special arrangements for pastoral care or offer a full curriculum. DfE says arrangements are between the parents and the college and do not need to involve the local authority at all."
DfE also says "students can only be enrolled at one institution (the "home" institution), and that one institution takes on the responsibility for claiming all the relevant funding for the student. So, if a home-educated student wants to take courses at more than one college, then the college where the majority of learning is taking place has to take the responsibility to be the "home" institution and claim all the funding for the student, then pass across the relevant part to the other college(s) involved. There would have to be some agreement between the colleges ahead of the funding claim, for this to be able to happen."
In addition DfE says "for home-educated students, there are no age restrictions for funding purposes, it is for the college to decide whether they wished to take younger students onto their courses. If they agree to take a younger home-educated student onto their courses, then we will fund in the usual way."
Where a home educated 14/15 year old needs additional support, the college enters this information on the ILR in November and it will count towards the amount which the college receives in lagged funding next year. Where the student has low to moderate additional support needs the unique determining factor for funding eligibility will be the individual student's postcode. Where a home educated 14/145 year old has high additional support needs, the college will ask the LA for a top-up in the current academic year, record this on the ILR, and receive an additional £6k the following year.
DfE Published Guidance Funding Home Educated College 14-16s June 201377. Colleges sometimes admit children aged 14 or 15 who are being electively home educated, to take courses on an infill basis by arrangement with the local authority or with the parents. Where these courses are at level 3, they are funded by entering the student on the ILR and the student then counts for lagged funding in just the same way as if they were aged 16-18.
78. Up to now, students on courses below level 3 have been funded directly by the local authority, or sometimes the parents, paying a fee to the college. These arrangements are changing with effect from September 2013. Colleges will now be able to enter these students on the ILR and they will count towards the college’s student numbers for lagged funding in the following year. Local authorities and parents should no longer be expected to pay fees for this provision.
79. Colleges should make such local arrangements as they deem appropriate. There is no national prescribed model for provision to these students and they do not form a part of the arrangements for the full-time enrolment of 14 -16 year olds in Further Education and Sixth Form.
Annex C: Electively home educated 14-15 year olds, Departmental Advice 14-16 Enrolment June 2013
Successful result from the first Home Education APPG 2013
Annex C page 28 covers home educated 14-16s. Published June 2013 http://media.education.gov.uk/assets/files/pdf/d/dfe%20dept%20advice%2014%2016%20enrolment%20final.pdf
My email to FE colleges September 2013 http://edyourself.org/collegeemailsep2013.pdf
My email to FE College June 27th 2013 http://edyourself.org/emailtocollegejune2013.pdf
Deadline for Individualised Learner Record data return 14/15 year olds November 15th 2013 http://media.education.gov.uk/assets/files/pdf/d/dfe%20dept%20advice%2014%2016%20enrolment%20final.pdf
EFA e-bulletin issue 39 November 2013 (issues with ILR)
Email from DfE to LA May 2013 http://edyourself.org/collegefundingemailsmay2013.pdf
Email to home educating parent April 2013 http://edyourself.org/parentcollegeemail.pdf
Letter to local authorities April 2013 http://edyourself.org/14-16collegeletter1.pdf
Letter to FE colleges April 2013 http://edyourself.org/14-16collegeletter2.pdf
My email to FE College June 27th 2013 http://edyourself.org/emailtocollegejune2013.pdf
Positive Developments 14-16s College
Exceptionally some colleges are offering GCSE courses but this is by no means standard. Colleges may require students starting A Level courses to have a minimum number of GCSEs (or IGCSEs as equivalent) before they are accepted onto the course.
http://edyourself.org/halesowenflier.pdf Halesowen College FREE GCSE courses for home educated 14-16s + a range of vocational courses from September 2013. Halesowen Open Day November 9th 2013 (ask for Mary Higgins)
http://edyourself.org/newcastle14-16.pdf Newcastle College is one of only 7 colleges nationally to start offering specific courses for 14-16s from September 2013. Students can choose from a full-time, fully-funded programme for 14-16 year old students on either 2-year or 1-year intensive programmes. There is a compulsory core of GCSEs with further electives chosen from GCSEs and/or vocational courses. Home educated students can also join the full-time programme's courses on a part-time, fully-funded basis, selecting courses/qualifications that suit their needs.
All FE Colleges in Devon will take home educated 14-16s from September 2013. http://www.babcock-education.co.uk/ldp/v.asp?level2id=24363&level3=125924&rootid=2344&level2=24363&depth=3&folderid=125924 http://tinyurl.com/devon14-16s
Sheffield College and Sheffield College Online understand the position for 14-16s home educated: ask for Sheila Hudson 14-19 Manager. Sheffield Online is also taking home educated under-16s for English and Maths GCSEs.
Positive reports of Doncaster College (NEW), Milton Keynes College, West Lancashire College, Wirral Metropolitan College, East Thanet College, Lewisham College and Carshalton College taking home educated 14-16s.
Newcastle College Parents Brochure 14-16 says take home educated young people
http://edyourself.org/visionwestnottsflyerdec2013.pdf West Nottingham College home ed event December 2013
http://edyourself.org/telfordflier.pdf Telford College Arts and Technology
http://edyourself.org/newcollegenottsflier.pdf New College Nottingham
Summary Changes to Funding
http://media.education.gov.uk/assets/files/pdf/f/funding%20review%20june%2013%20v4.pdf Overview of 16+ funding end June 2013, 35 page pdf, via http://www.education.gov.uk/aboutdfe/executiveagencies/efa/a00210682/funding-formula-review All full time students will be funded at the same basic funding rate per student, per academic year regardless of which type of institution and what they study. This will fund a full study programme for all students. Initially part time students will be funded based on four bands depending on the number of teaching hours for which they enrol. In 2013/14, as a transitional measure, the Government will fund individual students who re-take qualifications. Subsequently re-takes will not generally be eligible for funding. See also "block two – support needs for progression" (page 24-5) additional funding to support all students without maths and English at grade C.
Supported Internships in FE Colleges for Young People with SENClick here to read about http://www.education.gov.uk/childrenandyoungpeople/send/changingsen/b00211325/sen-supported-internships Supported internships in FE colleges for young people with SEN.
Compulsory English and Maths
Students who have not achieved an A*-C GCSE in English and Maths by age 16 will continue to study towards achieving them as a part of their 16 to 19 study programmes. This requirement will be enforced by making the study of English and mathematics a condition of the student place being funded from September 2014. From autumn 2013 the institution will receive warnings that unless English and/or maths are included in the following year the student would not be funded in future. See Annex D, Funding Regulations 2013-14, updated May 2013
https://www.gov.uk/government/news/thousands-of-students-drop-english-and-maths-after-gcse statistics published October 2013. See also guidelines for new 16+ Maths qualifications published by the Advisory Committee on Mathematics Education, October 2013, cited in this speech on the new maths qualifications, October 2013 by Minister Liz Truss.
Summary Wolf Report
The Wolf Report on Vocational Learning in England was published in March 2011. Alison Wolf said that the young person's programme of study should provide for labour market and educational progress and that the system needed to be simplified dramatically to encourage innovation and efficiency. With the publication of DfE's response to the consultation on 16-19 study programmes and plans for implementation on July 3rd 2012, most recommendations relating to post-16 study were incorporated into DfE's plans for 2013 onwards. The final point was direct admission to colleges for 14-16s confirmed on November 5th, with further details added by DfE on December 13th/14th 2012.
Schools Funding Reform
DfE page on schools funding including High Needs Block 2014-15, updated October 2013 http://www.education.gov.uk/schools/adminandfinance/financialmanagement/schoolsrevenuefunding/a00221523/review-of-2013-14-school-funding-arrangements
NEW March 2013 http://www.education.gov.uk/schools/pupilsupport/parents/involvement/homeeducation/a0073322/funding-for-home-education with information about High Needs Block Funding from 2013 and transitional arrangements for the Alternative Provision Census
http://edyourself.org/articles/funding.php Home education funding page updated October 2013
Post-16 Reforms: Qualifications and Funding
- End perverse incentives for colleges paid-by-result to offer lower-grade qualifications.
- 16 to 18 year olds without GCSE English and maths must continue to study those subjects up to 19.
- Extend funding to enable 19-24s to take GCSE maths and English
- Aim to fund coherent programme of learning for 16-18s rather than funding individual qualifications
Accreditation Prior Learning, ASDAN 16+
http://www.education.gov.uk/inthenews/speeches/a00222547/ioe-open-lecture-on-a-level-reforms Institute of Education open lecture on A-Level reforms Elizabeth Truss, March 7th 2013
http://www.education.gov.uk/inthenews/inthenews/a00224304/techbacc-accounced DfE TechBacc announcement April 22nd 2013
DfE Announcement July 2012 on Raising Participation Age from 2013 Timetable for implementation Education Act 2011
DfE Announcement October 2011 New Rules for Vocational qualifications
Qualification Reforms Pre-16
David Laws announcement changes to league tables for GCSEs October 14th 2013 DfE response to secondary schools accountability consultation, October 2013 Graham Stuart article on revised GCSE accountability measures, Guardian October 15th 2013
- Ofqual to look at reforming GCSE resits ie exams to be taken only at end of course
- Greater focus on spelling, punctuation and grammar for GCSEs
- Govnt to develop new performance indicators for 16+ English and maths progression
- Apprenticeship programmes must offer GCSE maths and English to those without qualifications
- Continued promotion of University Technical Colleges + renewed emphasis on Studio Schools
http://dmtrk.net/BTP-1QPTF-60290CWAAD/cr.aspx Ofqual newsletter July 2013, changes to GCSEs and A Levels
DfE December 14th 2011: End for GCSE modules and spelling, punctuation and grammar marks restored to exams
DfE Announces Approval 12 More Studio Schools for 2012
DfE Announces Approval 14 University Technical Colleges
Wider 14-16 Reforms Including Funding
New funding system for college 14-16 from September 2013
- Govnt to encourage colleges to take more 14-16s
- Re-evaluate Foundation Learning to see what best helps under 16s to progress to GCSEs in maths and English
- Development of new Maths and English qualifications to enable progression to GCSEs
- Govnt wants vocational qualifications to have element of external assessment plus exam
- Govnt to identify best 14-16 vocational qualifications and recognise them in performance tables
- Changes to schools/college funding