ALN Changes for Wales

Legal references on this page apply to Wales.

Update October 2017

The Bill is currently at Stage 2. On September 26th 2017 the Cabinet Secretary for Education Kirsty Williams said the Bill was expected to pass into law by Autumn 2019 (LINK page 32).

Sinclairs Law is holding a free information event in Cardiff on December 15th 2017, book early to avoid disappointment. LINK

Read more about the timescales here, including link to summary August update which explains that the Minister has accepted 32 of the 47 recommendations from the Children, Young People and Education Committee, accepted a further four in principle, rejected seven and is still considering four others. The four that are still under consideration include making it more explicit within the Bill’s definition of ALN that medical conditions are to be deemed as ALN if they meet the criteria within that definition. Other recommendations still under consideration include extending the remit of the Tribunal to include power to direct health bodies.

The Welsh Government ran into difficulties over costings, following concerns raised by SNAP Cymru about dispute resolution and appeals. It has been reported that anticipated savings are down from £14.2 million to £3.7 million. The Welsh Government had to delay moving the financial resolution, see Record of Proceedings June 6 2017

The main reference page for the Bill is here. Click here for relevant meetings. A Revised Regulatory Impact Assessment was published on September 8th 2017. Read the accompanying Explanatory Memorandum to the RRIA here and the RRIA Report of the External Review here.

The Children, Young People and Education Committee is scheduled to dispose of amendments on October 4th 2017 subject to the Financial Resolution being passed by the Assembly. The revised deadline for Stage 2 committee proceedings is currently October 20th 2017. Check amendments here

Previously, in July 2016 the Welsh Government published a commentary on responses to the 2015 Additional Learning Needs consultation. At the same time, Alun Davies, Minister for Lifelong Learning and Welsh Language noted "misunderstandings of our intentions or the anticipated practical impact of our proposals" as well as "direct concerns about specific aspects of the proposals" I blogged what parents were saying here

How Does The Additional Learning Needs Bill Become Law?

On July 14th 2016 the Welsh Government said it expected publication of the new Additional Learning Needs Bill before Christmas.

In terms of legislative scrutiny, there is a significant difference between England and Wales in that Wales does not have a Second Chamber (House of Lords) The Business Committee sets the deadline for various stages, so committees and debates don't go on indefinitely.

It may well be that a lot of the detail is kept back for secondary legislation or for a new ALN Code of Practice. A draft illustrative Code was published in 2015 but is NOT now relevant as events have moved on. A new draft code was published in February 2017 but this will likely change again as the Bill is debated and amended. (There should also be a consultation on the code)

Stage 1 The committee will consider "general principles" of the Bill, and will ask for written and oral evidence from interested parties, as well as holding meetings to take oral evidence from a range of interested stakeholders. The committee will then publish a Stage 1 Report, which may contain recommendations for amendments to the Bill. After at least 5 working days, there is a Stage 1 debate in the Assembly where AMs could raise issues on behalf of constituents.

Stage 2 After the Stage 1 debate and vote, there will either be a small group committee (made up of selected Assembly Members) or "a Committee of the Whole Assembly". This decision is made by the Business Committee. Whichever committee is chosen then begins to go through the Bill line by line, considering whether to accept amendments to the Bill. Stage 2 amendments must be tabled by committee members at least 5 working days before the meeting at which they are to be considered. (See page 13 for more details on who can table amendments and vote on them here.)

Stage 2 ends with a new version of the Bill being published.

Stage 3 provides a chance for ALL Assembly Members to table amendments and to vote on the details of the Bill (although not all amendments are necessarily selected for debate AND there may be a time limit) At least 15 days must pass between the end of Stage 2 and the first Stage 3 debate. You can read the transcript of these debates within 24 hours. At the end of Stage 3 an "amended at Stage 3" version will be published.

Report Stage is optional. The Assembly may return to issues in the Bill during Report stage, for example if significant changes have been made during Stage 3. This is the LAST time anything can be changed.

Stage 4 At Stage 4 the Assembly will vote on a motion to pass the final text of the Bill, and then if there is no legal challenge, the Bill will receive Royal Assent and become an Act.

On September 26th 2017 the Cabinet Secretary for Education Kirsty Williams said the Bill was expected to pass into law by Autumn 2019 (LINK page 32).

NB not all sections of the Act will necessarily come into force at the start; for example the Social Services and Wellbeing Act took 2 years

Click here (via this page) for full details on the legislative process


In Wales, the term "special educational needs" [SEN] has been replaced by "additional learning needs" [ALN].

In July 2015 the Welsh Government launched a consultation on the Draft Additional Learning Needs and Education Tribunal (Wales) Bill. Comments were requested by December 2015. A new draft Additional Learning Needs Code of Practice was also published at the end of September 2015.

The proposals in the draft Bill largely follow the proposals set out in the 2014 White Paper, notably a single category of 'Additional Learning Needs' to replace Statements, School Action, and School Action Plus.

Archived page as pdf with full details of these earlier proposals here which have now been superseded.

Sinclair Law consultation response 2015, Mike Charles LINK highlighted the danger of removing the statutory assessment leaving a general requirement upon schools to identify need as opposed to to a prescribed system of expert assessments. Welsh Government clarification November 2015: " In the case of those learners whose needs are complex and severe, the draft Bill would empower schools to refer cases to local authorities as needed ..." Sinclair Law comment December 2015 LINK "this proposed bill, if passed, will not only send schools into battle with parents, but will most certainly lead to potential litigation.

Social Welfare Law Wales

SOCIAL WELFARE LAW IN WALES including Overview Briefing Social Services and Wellbeing Act Wales 2014, Luke Clements, updated September 2017: "The ‘headline’ difference between the [English and Welsh] Acts is that the Welsh Act applies to people ‘in need’ of any age and their carers, whereas the English Act is largely confined to the needs of ‘adults in need’ and their adult carers. This briefing paper focuses on the provisions in the Welsh Act that deal with the rights of disabled children, adults in need and their carers."

Link Reference

This article is The following links to other websites are contained in the article, displayed as citations to aid you in printing the document.

  1. LINK
  2. LINK
  3. summary August update
  4. June 6 2017
  5. here
  6. here
  7. here
  8. said
  9. Business Committee
  10. new draft code
  11. here
  12. LINK
  13. took 2 years
  14. this page
  15. draft Additional Learning Needs Code of Practice
  16. here
  17. LINK
  18. Overview Briefing