Table of Contents
Hesfes Talks 2014
The Hesfes bookstall is open every day with a selection of books + someone to talk to about home education. At the bookstall you can also book a half hour session with me (between 2.30 and 4.30) for a more in-depth discussion of issues or problems. The bookstall had the following books, which I promised to list as some ran out very quickly.
- A Funny Kind of Education Ross Mountney
- Educating Children at Home Alan Thomas More about Alan Thomas (Alan will be speaking at the London Home Education Fair on Saturday September 13th)
- One to One A Practical Guide to Learning at Home Gareth Lewis
- Teach Your Own The John Holt Book of Homeschooling John Holt and Pat Farenga
- Project Based Home Schooling: Mentoring Self-Directed Learners Lori Pickert Project Based Learning Facebook
- Face of Home Based Education Mike Fortune Wood, Personalised Education Now
- Big Book of Unschooling Sandra Dodd
- Dumbing Us Down: The Hidden Curriculum of Compulsory Schooling John Taylor Gatto
- The Teenage Liberation Handbook Grace Llewellyn
- Home Educating Our Autistic Spectrum Children Kit Cowlishaw and Terri Dowty
- So What's Wrong With School download as pdf Jessica Mwanze Currency Converter So What's Wrong With School buy the book from Lulu.com
Sunday Ian Dowty's legal talk
Monday local authorities
Tuesday early years/learning through play
Tuesday afternoon Jill Anderson What Is Education For
Wednesday autonomous education. Question and answer session with autonomously home educated young people, led by Julie Bunker
Thursday 14-19s including benefits, college, and exams
Friday legal changes, including special needs
Ian went through what the law says about home education, with the starting point being section 7 of the Education Act 1996 which states that:
The parent of every child of compulsory school age shall cause him to receive efficient full-time education suitable—
(1) to his age, ability and aptitude, and
(2) to any special educational needs he may have,
either by regular attendance at school or otherwise.
Ian analysed the legal meaning of each of these words and phrases in turn: "parent"; "compulsory school age"; "efficient education"; "full time education"; "suitable education;" "regular attendance"; and "otherwise."
Ian urged everyone to familiarise themselves with the Government Home Education Guidelines for local authorities.
For enforcement purposes a "parent" is defined in the Education Act as "any person— (a) who is not a parent of his but who has parental responsibility for him, or (b)who has care of him." "Compulsory school age" relates specifically to 5-16; the raising of the participation age in England does NOT affect this.
Government Guidelines refer to efficient" education in "case law" which is not strictly accurate, but in any event it is the dictionary definition of "achieves what it sets out to achieve". The significance of this is explained in the article about writing your Educational Philosophy here. "Full time" has no definition in relation to home education.
Government Guidelines are wrong to say that "suitable education" is not defined, since of course it IS defined as "suitable to age ability aptitude and SEN".
In relation to "education otherwise than at school", Ian looked at legal technicalities such as the concept of euisdem generis whereby if a law lists specific class of things and then refers to them in general, the general statements only apply to the same kind of things specifically listed. This is relevant to mentions of education "otherwise", which sometimes in context can mean ALL education otherwise than at a school and in other contexts will ONLY mean education arranged by the local authority ie NOT elective home education.
Towards the end of the talk, Ian was asked whether the current arrangements might be improved and was categorical that "age ability aptitude and SEN" + the LA Guidelines was the best we could expect and that any reform would run the risk of making things worse.
Ian took questions on whether deregistration could be by email, and what he thought would wbe the impact of the new CME Guidance (which was November 2013 at the time of Ian's talk). In terms of deregistration, Ian said that the Pupil Registration Regulations referred to "written notification" and that parents would be on the safe side to put the notification in hard copy (ie written on paper) as there wasn't a positive legal right to have it accepted by email. (As an aside, when I'm asked this I tend to say that email CAN be accepted as "written notification" if the school already knows this is a reliable email address for the parent, but that I believe it is discretionary.) For CME, Ian felt it was a drawback that the revised 2013 guidance did not explicitly direct LAs to follow the Home Education Guidelines as the previous (longer) guidance had done.
Early Years/Learning Through Play
Sign outside nursery: MANNERS RESPECT ACADEMIC EXCELLENCE 6 MONTHS TO 5 YEARS 8AM TO 6PM
Talk with Jill Ingle. Early formal learning in nurseries and school, starting school at 4, how children are being prepared to fit in to the system, if not reading by 6 that's a problem at school but not in home education, what difference does it make to see an earlier generation of home educated children grow up, are we less likely to worry? Influence of family worrying about unconventional home education.
Jill Anderson Talk
Write-up of Jill's talk, Tuesday afternoon Hesfes 2014 "What Is Education For"
Dialogue with local authorities. Where is the money? Used to be in "Attendance/Inclusion" or "Education Welfare" but with the cuts to central LA budgets it may shift to "Troubled Families" or "Early Intervention" or "Prevention."
Home education is not a full time job for most LA officers who have responsibility for this area of work, and they may not know much about home education.
- APPG at Westminster
- Education Committee Recommendations
- Education Otherwise Government Policy Group including mass presentation petitions to parliament
- LA EHE Regional Network: Midlands, Yorkshire and Humberside, North West, London.
- LAs subscribe to Newsletter (bimonthly, 1200 subscribers, reason for LAs to subscribe is to keep up with legal changes, see notes on Friday's talk
- Meeting LAs with Home Educators
- Campaign Workshops 2007
- 152 local authorities
- Numbers (Map)
- Trend in Numbers
- What are LAs Allowed To Do reactive not proactive. Children Missing Education and School Attendance Orders
- Council Web Pages
- LAs and Autonomous Education
Raising Participation Age LAs are not expected or required to have any involvement in post-16 home education, and in fact there is no legal power for them to do so. However, some LAs will contact home educating families as the young person turns 16 to ask about future plans, since LAs have to return information to the government about the rate of post-16 participation in their area. There is no obligation on the family to respond but if there is no answer the young person may be recorded as NEET (not in employment education or training)
Guidance from DfE on Home Ed 16+
APPG October 2014 14-19s theme, email firstname.lastname@example.org
Home Ed 16+ Benefits
Child Benefit 16+ The GOV.UK page on child benefit 16-19 says child benefit "continues if they stay in approved education or training"...and "can include...home education - if started before your child turned 16." It is not necessary for the young person to be studying for exams or to be on a course.
Question to HMRC 2013: What does studying mean in relation to the question “Are they studying
for any qualifications” and if “working towards” is an acceptable answer.
Answer from HMRC: Working towards qualifications is the same as studying towards qualifications from a Child Benefit entitlement perspective. Studying in this instance means a child/young person in a learning environment other than at school/college where they are progressing in an educational sense even though that learning environment may be structured differently than at a school/college.
Child Benefit FOI
14-16 College FAQ
Westminster Meeting 2013 to sort rules for 14-16 college
Wolf Report What's changed for college 14-16s
Positive examples 14-16 College not an exhaustive list! Central College Nottingham (contact Brendan Coulson); South Gloucestershire College; Peterborough Regional College; Halesowen College; Telford College Arts and Technology; Newcastle College; West Suffolk College; Moulton College; Doncaster College; Milton Keynes College; Wirral Metropolitan College; East Thanet College; South Staffordshire College; Carshalton College ...
Access to Music
Crest Awards (Science)
More on Crest Awards
John Muir Awards (Environment, conservation)
Smallpeice Trust (Engineering, short residential courses)
Smallpeice Trust information for parents
University of Kent Space School (Astronomy, short residential course)
University of Leicester Space School
Headstart residentials on university campus for Project and Systems Engineering
ASDAN awards (personal skills, work-related learning, foundation learning and volunteering)
Arts Awards "You can do an Arts Award in any area of the arts from fashion to poetry, rapping to dancing, sculpture to film. You can be the creator or performer of your own work, or develop your skills in essential roles like marketing or stage management..."
Setting up Arts Award Centre
Legal Changes Including SEN
The law in England: what's changed, what's going to change, what we thought would change but it didn't. How do legal things change and where can you find out about the changes. The biggest changes are primary legislation ie Acts of Parliament. These generally take a long time, and can be amended by subsequent legislation. If you want to check "the law", be aware that the latest version might not be on the government legislation website. People say that they can't keep up with the changes. Some changes are made very quietly and go unnoticed. Other changes are talked up in advance for a long time but might never actually materialise. Secondary legislation consists of regulations, guidance, guidelines and what I have called "attitude towards guidelines". CME was changed by guidance. Flexischooling was changed by "Advice on Attendance" not obviously related to flexischooling. Both of these had a knock-on effect on the Home Education Guidelines.
- Home Education Guidelines, initially the coalition government talked about possible change to policy/said not decided, but over the past 4 years it has moved to stand firmly behind the Guidelines, as seen by recent letters to LAs
- Children Missing Education Guidance
- Compulsory School Age/Raised Participation Age
- Having to do English and Maths GCSE for 6th form
- Children and Families Act: family law
- Tax Credits etc Being Scrapped
- Universal Credit removal severe disabled child element, monthly payments, no automatic in-work subsidy - ie conditionality and sanctions even for claimants who are in paid employment + new regime for self-employed, including the minimum income floor. Delays in UC being introduced, no firm start date for more complicated claims. "All work related requirements" will apply to single parents with a child age 5 or over unless there are other factors eg a recognised disability or eligibility as a carer (restrictive conditions apply for both) Claimants will be expected to increase working hours or get better paid work up to the equivalent of a minimum wage for 35 hours a week. Limited to school hours plus travel for single parents of child under 13.
- Cuts to Legal Aid
- Legal Changes to SEN
- Education Health and Care Plans
- New SEN Code of Practice (+ timetable for transition)
- Better for 16+ (Comparison ECHP with LDA)
- Personal Budgets and Direct Payments (extremely unlikely but here are examples from Pathfinders)
There is an entire website devoted to home education and special needs here
Children with special educational needs have an equal right to be educated at home. There will be a new SEN system and a new Code of Practice and regulations from September 2014. There is a good introduction to the changes here
Children who already have a statement of SEN will be transferred to the new system between 2015 and 2018
The fact that a school is named in Part 4 of the statement doesn't mean that the child is automatically registered. Nor does naming the school in Part 4 mean that a child will be obliged to attend the named school in future. Where a child has a statement of special needs the local authority has a duty to review the statement annually. The statement isn't enforceable on the parent.
if the child needs help over and above what is provided in school, the school or the parent can request a statutory assessment which may ultimately lead to a statement of special needs. You can appeal a refusal to assess and IPSEA should be able to help you. The child doesn't have to be in school to be assessed. If you are home educating, the statement generally won't bring any help. The only way to force the LA to provide services and support is if you prove it would be impossible at school, or the LA can't come up with an appropriate school. However, a statement is insurance. While the statement remains in force it has to be reviewed annually.