School Leaving Age

Legal references on this page apply to England.

Raising the Participation Age in England from 16 to 18

New statutory guidance was published in March 2013 and the DfE page is now on GOV.UK https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/participation-of-young-people-education-employment-and-training

The "Defining Participation" pdf Annex 1 is probably more useful than the guidance itself

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/letter-from-the-parliamentary-under-secretary-of-state-about-raising-the-participation-age September 2013

See also for links to LA web pages for home educators on topics such as careers advice, exams, raising the participation age, 14-16 college access and work experience

"For young people who are being home educated, no hourly requirement of education applies: the amount and content of that education is at the discretion of the home educator. In most circumstances it will be the young person themselves who states that they are home-educated. If the authority believes there is some doubt in the matter they may wish to seek confirmation of this from the parent or guardian, but no on-going monitoring of the education is required."
"Defining Participation" pdf Annex 1 https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/268976/participation_of_young_people_-_statutory_guidance_-_annex_1_defining_participation_001.pdf March 2013. Shorter url http://tinyurl.com/homeeducationRPA

Local Government Association RPA How to Guide for Councils October 2013

Children Born On/After September 1st 1996

The Education and Skills Act 2008 sets out that from 2015, all young people (16 and 17 year-olds) will be required to participate in education or training. This change is happening in two phases: from summer 2013 all young people will be required to participate in education or training until the end of the academic year in which they turn 17, and from summer 2015 onwards until their 18th birthday. The Government refers to the new measures as "raising the participation age" since education will take place in a variety of settings, not just at school. If you were born on/between September 1st 1996 and August 31st 1997 you will be required to stay in learning throughout the academic year in which you turn 17. If you were born on/between September 1st 1997 and August 31st 1998 you will be required to stay in learning until your 18th birthday. For information about claiming Child Benefit and current Child Tax/Working Tax Credit for young people over the age of 16 in home education, see http://edyourself.org/articles/claimbenefitspost16s.php and http://edyourself.org/articles/benefits.php#qualifyp For information about Universal credit click here http://edyourself.org/articles/jobseekers.php


DfE Statement July 2012

On July 2nd 2012 DfE made the following statement about home education when the participation age is raised:

"For home education – no hourly rate will apply as parents have discretion over what is provided. Just as it is pre-16, properly provided home education is a valid route for young people. However, a significant number of respondents raised a concern that young people who wished to avoid the duty to participate could claim they were home educated when they were not. In order to go some way to prevent this and to provide parity with the pre-16 system, we will suggest in guidance that local authorities could confirm with the parent that home education is being provided."
Read more here http://www.education.gov.uk/childrenandyoungpeople/youngpeople/participation/rpa/a00210946/consultation-response

These measures should be viewed in the context of wider changes the Government is making to 14-19 education in the wake of the Wolf Report. More information here


Participation will not be enforced

"We want young people to participate actively and voluntarily and so we will ensure that the education system has in place attractive options and the necessary support to make young people enthusiastic about learning. That is why, through the Education Act, we have legislated to give ourselves the ability to delay the introduction of the enforcement process against young people and their parents"
Building Engagement, Building Futures:HM Government December 2011

Tracking

As part of their role in working with young people, local authorities record information about young people's current activity, characteristics and aspirations on their caseload management system (CCIS). Some of this information is returned to DfE on a monthly basis. Details held on NCCIS can be used by local authorities to compare and benchmark performance against other areas. They also can use it to identify where they need to commission new provision. The Department uses this information for analysis and monitoring. See http://www.education.gov.uk/16to19/participation/a0074374/nccis-management-information-requirement-from-the-client-caseload-information-system-ccis and http://www.education.gov.uk/childrenandyoungpeople/youngpeople/participation/a00214942/local-authority-education-training

Useful Links

my evidence to the Education Select Committee on the parliament website
>Wolf Report
>Child Benefit for Home Educated 16+
Taking Exams Outside School
DfE Response to Raising Participation Age Consultation July 2nd 2012
Ministerial Statement House of Commons July 2nd 2012
DfE RPA Evaluation Study, published October 2012
Back on Track Alternative Provision Pilots DfE Final Report October 2012


Link Reference

This article is http://edyourself.org/articles/leavingage.php. The following links to other websites are contained in the article, displayed as citations to aid you in printing the document.

  1. http://edyourself.org/councilexamsupport.pdf
  2. http://tinyurl.com/homeeducationRPA http://tinyurl.com/homeeducationRPA
  3. Local Government Association RPA How to Guide for Councils http://www.local.gov.uk/hidden-talents/-/journal_content/56/10180/5558868/ARTICLE
  4. http://edyourself.org/articles/jobseekers.php http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2008/25/contents
  5. http://www.education.gov.uk/childrenandyoungpeople/youngpeople/participation/rpa/a00210946/consultation-response http://www.education.gov.uk/childrenandyoungpeople/youngpeople/participation/rpa/a00210946/consultat
    ion-response
  6. http://www.education.gov.uk/16to19/participation/a0074374/nccis-management-information-requirement-from-the-client-caseload-information-system-ccis http://www.education.gov.uk/16to19/participation/a0074374/nccis-management-information-requirement-f
    rom-the-client-caseload-information-system-ccis
  7. http://www.education.gov.uk/childrenandyoungpeople/youngpeople/participation/a00214942/local-authority-education-training http://www.education.gov.uk/childrenandyoungpeople/youngpeople/participation/a00214942/local-authori
    ty-education-training
  8. my evidence to the Education Select Committee on the parliament website http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201011/cmselect/cmeduc/writev/pet/m24.htm
  9. Taking Exams Outside School http://edyourself.org/articles/examsfaq.php
  10. DfE Response to Raising Participation Age Consultation July 2nd 2012 http://www.education.gov.uk/childrenandyoungpeople/youngpeople/participation/rpa/a00210946/consultat
    ion-response
  11. Ministerial Statement House of Commons July 2nd 2012 http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201213/cmhansrd/cm120702/wmstext/120702m0001.htm#12070260
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